COP23 brought back to the top of the agenda a topic that was thought dead and buried: that of the second part of the Kyoto Protocol, formalised in the Doha Amendment, and which specifies the commitments of each party before 2020.
For the EU, this is a global commitment to reduce emissions by 30% between 1990 and 2020.
In the absence of strong leadership to go further, “the usual quarrels have returned to centre stage, it feels like going back”, said a veteran of climate negotiations.
The grievance of developing countries, no matter how anachronistic, is nevertheless relevant: long-term commitments like the Paris Agreement are all very well, but in the meantime things do not change much. “Focusing on what happens before 2020 is logical, there are real steps to take,” said Pierre Canet, of WWF France.