The free flow of data regulation, which covers all non-personal data, aims to create a single market for data storage and processing services, such as cloud computing.
The legislation sailed through the Council of the European Union at break-neck speed, suggesting a high degree of consensus in the body representing the 28 EU member states. The European Commission only published its proposal in September.
The bill is now being passed on to the European Parliament, where the Internal Market committee will begin formal discussions on the file. Anna Corazza-Bildt, a Swedish centre-right MEP, will pilot the regulation through Parliament early next year, with negotiations between the three EU institutions likely to begin in spring.
The agreement is a coup for Estonia, one of the EU’s most tech-savvy governments, which had put kick-starting the Commission’s stalling digital single market project at the heart of its six month EU presidency, which ends this month.